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page 42

stired up to cast forth its sorrows, but when it feeles or concives a hope of being relived it rallis up al its forsses to cast of its burthen. Shave is also another instrument which is to be fownd in som awthers and by them used, which when I came to make use of, I fownd not soe fitt nor proffitable for the work as I did expect, which som call a griffin's tallon with a sharp poynt. But by the good providance of God, who doth designe every man to his worke and instruct them theirto and theirin, also I was by my former employment enabled or instructed to mak my owne instruments fitt for preasant use that was before me. And that which I fownd most proffitable is as a snake hooke [. . .]

made at every hows whare I had neede to use it. The forme hereof I have delinated as well as my pen could doe it upon the paper with the other instruments, and maye if need be scr[e]wed into the same handle and soe one handle maye serve for both. Bu[t] least I should be wanting to posterity, make an iron spindle lik to that of a linnen wheele. Let one end of it be made flatt and sharpe like a chissle of a quarter of an inch brode. Turne that end of a smale compas about the width of a smale fish hook as you maye see in the figgure. Let the edge of it stand that waye that the hooke is turned and stand out that it may redy by take hold and hold fast when it hath it. Then, if your former instrument should loose its hold and cannot well be fastened [. . .] put this hooke into [. . .] take hold [of]

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Apothecary weights

Apothecary Symbols

*see abbreviations below table

Symbol Name TR (*) ME (*)
lb, li, libr. libra, pound apothecary's pound 373.243 g
ss semis half half
uncia, ounce, unce apothecary's ounce 31.103 g
Q quarta quart between 0.95 and 1.16 liters
ʒ dragma, dram dram 3.888 g
G grana, grain grain 0.065 g (65 mg)
A ana of each one of each one
lb ss libr. semi half an apothecary's pound 186.623 g
℥ ss semuncia half an apothecary's ounce 15.552 g

Name = Name in Text

TR = Translation

ME = Modern Equivalent (approx.; in grams and liters)

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