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page 41

the inside of the sculle, the edge of it being sharpe, with the gidance of the fingers of one hand holding it to the place wher it is fastened you may with the other hand draw down the child. But you must always be carefull not to pull with too much violence least you rent out your hold. You must also keep your fingers to the end of the instrument least it let goe its hold and hort the woman. If the instrument should slip, as it maye often doe, it is safer to [injure] your finger than the sike woman's boddy. I thought myself bound in consiens to leave these t[h]ings in writing because that I have ben a meanes by the Lord's healp, who delights to work by weak meanes, to save the lives of sum. And I hope may be of good use to many more when by it meye be [. . .] of

thanksgivings to the Lord. But [. . .]ing it often fals out soe that the child's head is in one flanke and though the midwif can tuch it with har fingers but cannot take hold of it. I wold not leave that case in the darke. Let therfore another instrument be made to screw into the handle like the former and the other end like a percer with a deepe screw that you maye perce with it into the child's head with due care as is before expressed. And with one hand stay bak the child's body or if the place be soe strait that you cannot doe it with your hand you maye make use of a stike about the bignes of a man's finger and being covered with a fine clowt diped in melted tallow for feare of hurting of the woman wheare with you maye so hold up the child [. . .] head of it being

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Apothecary weights

Apothecary Symbols

*see abbreviations below table

Symbol Name TR (*) ME (*)
lb, li, libr. libra, pound apothecary's pound 373.243 g
ss semis half half
uncia, ounce, unce apothecary's ounce 31.103 g
Q quarta quart between 0.95 and 1.16 liters
ʒ dragma, dram dram 3.888 g
G grana, grain grain 0.065 g (65 mg)
A ana of each one of each one
lb ss libr. semi half an apothecary's pound 186.623 g
℥ ss semuncia half an apothecary's ounce 15.552 g

Name = Name in Text

TR = Translation

ME = Modern Equivalent (approx.; in grams and liters)

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