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Alias the philosophers Zerobabel Bellows Endecott His Booke 1. The Volatile Salt of Lead Tak lead oar dissolve it in destilled vinegar and desolve salt in water; mix them and presently there will be sublimated a white powder; sweeten and dry well. Note this salt laid upon a wedge of iron or file, melts like wax and fumes not. Langelot

20 [Grana make a scruple] 3 Scrupulus make [a dram] 8 Drams make an ounce 12 Ounces make a pound M signifieth manipulus [and] is as much as one can hold in his hand P signifieth pugill which is as much as one can take betwixt the thomb and the two formost fingers Cyathus signifieth so much as one may easily drink at one draught Libra hath this mark ----lb Semis----------------------ss Uncia--------------------- ℥ Quarta--------------------- Q Dragma-------------------- ʒ Scrupulus------------------℈ Grana----------------------- G Ana of each one a little--A Libr. Semi-----------------lb ss Semuncia------------------℥ ss

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Apothecary weights

Apothecary Symbols

*see abbreviations below table

Symbol Name TR (*) ME (*)
lb, li, libr. libra, pound apothecary's pound 373.243 g
ss semis half half
uncia, ounce, unce apothecary's ounce 31.103 g
Q quarta quart between 0.95 and 1.16 liters
ʒ dragma, dram dram 3.888 g
G grana, grain grain 0.065 g (65 mg)
A ana of each one of each one
lb ss libr. semi half an apothecary's pound 186.623 g
℥ ss semuncia half an apothecary's ounce 15.552 g

Name = Name in Text

TR = Translation

ME = Modern Equivalent (approx.; in grams and liters)

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